Sweden ratified the Ramsar Convention in 1974 and was one of the first countries to designate Ramsar sites. Sweden is rich in wetlands; about a fifth of the country is covered by wetlands (not including non-vegetated parts of lakes and shallow sea areas).

The Swedish national wetland inventory

The national wetland inventory (VMI) has surveyed the large wetlands in Sweden below the alpine region. In total 35 000 sites covering 4,3 million hectares (or 10% of Sweden’s land area) is covered by the inventory. All the sites have been remote sensed and their values for nature conservation assigned. Field visits for gathering more information about the areas hydrology and vegetation has been done for 12 % of the sites.

The published results from VMI can be found at www.naturvardsverket.se/vmi (website not ready yet). Data from the inventory and other Swedish environmental data can be found at http://mdp.vic-metria.nu/miljodataportalen.

The Mire Protection Plan

In 1994 the Swedish EPA published a plan for the protection of the mires with the largest conservation values. The plan describes the sites and their conservation values. A revised version was published in 2007,

About 190 000 hectares of the areas in the plan remain to be protected.

The Swedish Ramsar sites

Sweden has 66 designated Ramsar sites with a total area of 658 646 hectares. The most used criteria for selecting the sites have been that they are representative or rare wetlands, hosts endangered/vulnerable species or supports biodiversity of the biogeographical region. According to the Ramsar convention way of classifying wetlands there are many Swedish Ramsar sites with permanent freshwater lakes, permanent rivers/streams/creeks, seasonally flooded agricultural land, non-forested peatlands, forested peatlands, shrub-dominated wetlands and permanent freshwater marshes/pools.

A large part of the Ramsar sites is part of the Natura2000 network and/or protected as nature reserve or similar.

Information in Swedish and English about the sites and maps can be found at: www.naturvardsverket.se/ramsaromraden (website not ready yet).

Visitor centers at Ramsar sites

There are several visitor centers in or close to Ramsar sites.

Information about all Swedish visitor centers can be found at www.naturvardsverket.se/naturum , the ones close to Ramsar sites are listed below:

Dalälven- Farnebofjärden


Helgeån (Vattenriket)



Store Mosse - Kävsjön


Ramsar organisation in Sweden

AA: Naturvårdsverket, registrator@naturvardsverket.se

NFP: Jenny Lonnstad, Naturvårdsverket, jenny.lonnstad@naturvardsverket.se

CEPA GOV: Jenny Lonnstad, Naturvårdsverket, jenny.lonnstad@naturvardsverket.se

CEPA NGO: Lennart Gladh, WWF, lennart.gladh@wwf.se

SRTP NFP: Eddie von Wachenfeldt, ArtDatabanken SLU, eddie.von.wachenfeldt@slu.se


A Swedish Wetland Committee has not yet been established.